Foreign investment in the more productive sectors of the west Balkan's economy may be put at risk by skills shortages driven by high levels of migration.
Online security specialist Surf Shark measured how much time people need to work to be able to afford an internet connection.
Timing is everything as politicians seek to take advantage of poll boosts from steering their countries through the pandemic and launching stimulus packages, before populations really feel the impact of the crippling economic recessions.
In Russia, the move by Spotify will put pressure on local internet majors Yandex and Mail.ru Group that also offer music streaming services.
Several countries in Central Asia, the South Caucasus and the Western Balkans are seeing a strong rise in daily new cases after the easing of restrictions.