Russia’s basic sector output was down 9.9% year on year in April after 1% expansion in March as the effects of the coronacrisis made themselves felt. Over the first four months of this year Russia’s basic sector output fell 0.9% y/y, versus 2.3% growth in 1Q20. Hamburgers are on the frontline in this crisis.
Agriculture was the only sector to show growth. All the other subsectors contracted in April. Retail, services, manufacturing and wholesale suffered the most from the drop in domestic demand.
However, as bne IntelliNews has reported, Russia’s economy is already showing signs of a rebound as leading indicators show the situation likely improved in May versus April, reports Sberbank.
Sectors driven by consumer demand were hit hardest. Retail sales tanked 23.4% y/y in April after expanding 5.6% in March; retail was down 2.8% in 4M20.
Services also plunged, down 37.9% after declining 4.4% in March.
Wholesale sales were down 11.3% y/y in April versus a 9.8% growth the month before and were still up 4.2% in 4M20.
Other sectors fared better. Cargo transport declined 6.0% y/y in April, while construction was down 2.3%.
Agriculture is the one sector that has remained immune to the coronacrisis and in April followed up its March 3.0% y/y expansion with 3.1% growth in the month and 3.0% of growth over the first four months.
Obviously the lockdown hit those businesses that rely on commerce with people the most. Breaking down the pressure on services Sberbank found that food services, which includes restaurants, cafes and bars, saw sales plunge 51.5% y/y in April, despite the boom in delivery and takeaways. The segment was also hurt over the first four months, contracting by 11.1% y/y.
Separately, "paid services to the population" fell 37.9% y/y in April and 10.3% in 4M20.
“A breakdown of these services showed culture and tourism services dropped by 96% y/y in April, hotels and accommodation by 89% and transport by 65%. Communication, housing and utilities were less affected, down 4.0% y/y, 7.2% and 10.3% respectively in April,” Sberbank CIB said in a note.
Burgers and Pizza take a battering
Of all the sectors that have been hurt by the coronacrisis, none have been hurt more than the consumer food services in April. According to Rosstat’s latest numbers the turnover on consumer food services more than halved to RUB64.5bn ($945mn) year-on-year.
Fast food has grown increasingly popular in Russia and took off during the 2008 crisis when many of the international companies, such as Yum! (the owner of KFC) moved into the market.
Burgers have been in the front line in this crisis and seen sales drop by a third, while all categories of fast food sales are down.
Burgers: 36% y/y
Cafeterias and sushi: 29% y/y
Bakeries: 18% y/y
Fast food segment revenues: 12% y/y
Pizza segment revenues: 33% y/y
“The foodservice market was one of the sectors most affected by the pandemic lockdown, as all outlets have been closed since 28 March,” VTB Capital (VTBC) said in a note. “Only takeaway or delivery services are allowed. As ready-food delivery represented only 13% of the total market in 2019 (RUB170bn), most players are not able to compensate for the loss of offline revenues. On average, in May, total revenues were down 70% y/y, and only 38% of all restaurants were able to work in such format, according to Infoline.”
Pizza delivery has also been wounded by the coronacrisis. The largest player on the market is Dodo Pizza with a 12% market share, which had to close 50 of its least efficient locations, or some 8% of the whole chain as of April, reports VTBC.
The second largest player, Domino's Russia (6% market share), reported sales declining 32% y/y and the temporary closure of 26 restaurants (13% of total), in order to optimise its workforce.